In month endings of July, Year 1927, Baroda witnessed the highest recorded rains levels which was ~90 inches. The Rains were so high that Vishwamitri River’s water touched the Feet of The Equestrian Statue – Kala Ghoda. Since it touched the feet of Horse, it was known as ઘોડા પૂર in Gujarati. The Rain did not stopped for 4 days. The Animals in Sayaji Baug Zoo were drowned and water was in 1st floor of many houses. The Railway Station and General Hospital were also partly submerged in water.
The average annual rain received in Vadodara is 30 inches, while it was 77 inches in 1878, 69 inches in 1917, and ~90 inches in 1927. Vadodara has also suffered floods in Years 1941, 1970, 1974, 1976, 1994, 1996 and 2005.
Many Services during this time were disturbed like Railways, Power Supply etc. But the Authorities of Baroda decided to resume postal services and carry Post using Elephants. The Elephants played an important role in it as well as in flood of Year 1941.
It may be called wonder or magic, but during floods, the Sayaji Baug which is just near to Vishwamitri River did not suffer any damage. It was because Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad‘s Planning and execution. Actually the Park has mechanism for draining off water through several channels which then merges to main channel.
The City is now well maintained with good drainage systems via various water flow bodies and canals. Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad had also built Ajwa Reservoir (Sayaji Sarovar) and Pratappura Sarovar over 100 Years ago.